The Simulation Hypothesis: Evidence From Physics

If physics is inconsistent it’s added acceptable we’re in a computer simulation. If physics is internally self-consistent afresh it’s added acceptable we’re in a in actuality complete reality. Alas, we accept contradictions / inconsistencies in physics – relativity vs. breakthrough mechanics for example. Therefore, according to cosmologist George Smoot (on YouTube), you abide in a simulation and physics can prove it. However, here’s my antecedent accumulating of affirmation from physics.

The Simulation Hypothesis and Neutrino Oscillations.

Neutrinos arise in three ‘flavors’ or in three ancestors that mirror added amount particles which aswell arise in three generations. The leash of neutrinos are the electron-neutrino, the muon-neutrino and the tau-neutrino. While all are electrically neutral, they all accept altered masses – tiny, but not zero. Now the absorbing and aberrant affair is that if they travel, say from getting produced in the Sun to if they canyon appropriate through you (and billions and billions of them do so every second), the leash of neutrinos oscillate amid themselves. Anniversary can and does morph into the others and aback again*. But they don’t accept the aforementioned masses, so area do the increases / decreases in accumulation arise from and go to? Appropriate furnishings to the rescue?

*It’s like a affective golf brawl morphs into a billiard brawl into a bowling brawl and aback afresh for acumen or affidavit alien with no account of area the increases in accumulation comes from or goes aback into.

The Simulation Hypothesis and Antimatter.

Cosmological and abstract physics predicts that the amounts of amount and antimatter in the Universe should be in (roughly at least) according amounts. They’re not – allegedly at least. Oops! This abstract advance is accepted in class abstracts if activity is adapted to matter. You get amount – antimatter equality. You get a brace of particles one anniversary amount and its antimatter equivalent. The aforementioned applies to the exhaustion activity that creates ‘virtual’ amount – antimatter atom pairs. They are ‘virtual’ in that they arise and abate too bound to be empiric at leisure. Further, if an electron meets and greets a positron (equal and adverse electric charge) you get a Ka-Boom. If an electron meets and greets a proton (equal and adverse electric charge), no Ka-Boom! Something is aberrant somewhere. Can software explain screwiness? In actuality it ability accomplish just as abundant faculty for a atom (like an electron) and its anti-particle (like a positron) to just absorb into one electrically aloof atom with alert the accumulation (which in about-face ability be ambiguous and adulteration aback into a atom (like an electron) and its anti-particle (like a positron).

The Simulation Hypothesis and Breakthrough Physics.

When it comes to breakthrough mechanics / physics I could calmly accord a half-dozen examples of “it can’t be accordingly it isn’t vs. I apperceive what I saw”. I’ll bind myself to just one example, an affair that allegedly no one abroad finds an affair with – and that too is an anomaly. The affair beneath the analytic gun achievement is Radioactive Decay.

We all apperceive about radioactivity (nuclear fission) and how some diminutive nuclei are ambiguous and will at some point adulteration into added abiding forms. So far – so good. The aboriginal affair is that cipher can adumbrate if any accurate ambiguous nuclei will go poof. There is no ultimate acumen why one basis will go diffusion in 5 account and its next aperture neighbour will not diffusion over the next 5 hundred years. There is no credible agent involved. That abandoned is “Twilight Zone” stuff, but wait, there’s more. As we apprentice in top school, admitting the why is never explained, ambiguous (radioactive) nuclei adulteration or go diffusion in a anchored algebraic way, accepted by the byword alleged the “half-life”. An archetype would be if bisected of the ambiguous nuclei went diffusion in one year; one bisected of what charcoal ambiguous goes diffusion during the next year; one bisected of what is still ambiguous decays in the third year; one bisected of what charcoal afterwards that goes diffusion in the fourth year, and so on down the band until all the ambiguous nuclei accept gone poof.

Now IMHO that radioactive half-life adulteration progression makes in actuality no sense. If nuclei go diffusion for no acumen at all, all those that go diffusion should do so in a in actuality accidental appearance – no anchored pattern. Since there is a anchored arrangement that suggests to me that the ambiguous nuclei accept to ‘know’ about this half-life obligation they are appropriate to follow. They are self-aware abundant to apperceive if it is their about-face to suicide (decay) in adjustment to accumulate up appearances; advance the breakthrough amusing order, and accumulate the half-life accord valid.

Translated, radioactive adulteration happens for in actuality no acumen whatsoever. There is no causality. There is no could could cause and effect. Things go diffusion – well, things just go poof. How can you accept both a complete abridgement of agent AND advance such aggressive or algebraic (half-life) precision? It’s authentic bovine fertilizer.

Speaking of radioactive decay, doesn’t it bang you as rather odd that NO accepted concrete or actinic action can adapt in the aboriginal the amount of radioactive decay. Able-bodied there’s allegedly one exception, that getting the “Observer Effect*” (i.e.- the Breakthrough Zeno Effect) wherein that somehow or added authentic animal ascertainment can accept an aftereffect on radioactive nuclei traveling poof. That IMHO is just axle an aberration on top of an aberration (physics / allure accepting no access on ambiguous diminutive nuclei) on top of the aberration already referred to in the above-mentioned three paragraphs.

Now you may able-bodied say that you can’t access the acceleration of ablaze (in a vacuum), but you can apathetic ablaze down (in air, water, glass, etc.). You may able-bodied say that you can’t block out gravity, but you can add and decrease from it and even abate it (i.e. – that accompaniment of weightlessness). Further, you can acceleration up, apathetic down and even about-face actinic reactions; in approach Maxwell’s Demon can abate entropy; and although you can’t actualize or abort amount / energy, you can catechumen one into the other. Radioactive adulteration seems to be the Lone Ranger – the untouchable.

*The acumen that breakthrough physics cannot explain the Eyewitness Effect, how an eyewitness causes the alteration from achievability (superposition-of-state) to achievement (collapse of the wave-function) is that there is no achievability anytime involved, alone actuality, and appropriately there is no Eyewitness Aftereffect that needs explaining.

The Simulation Hypothesis and Radioactive Decay.

Quite afar from ahead mentioned anomalies with account to radioactive decay, mainly how something can arise for in actuality no acumen at all and how that in about-face can accomplish a complete algebraic accord (the half-life), there’s the affair that no accepted concrete or actinic (or for that amount biological) action can adapt the amount at which any one accurate blazon of ambiguous diminutive nuclei (like say C-14, or U-238) decay. How aberrant is that! Of advance that’s explainable if the amount of adulteration is just software encoded.

The Simulation Hypothesis and Beachcomber / Atom Dualism.

Another class of “it can’t be accordingly it isn’t vs. I apperceive what I saw” is that class area something both can’t be and not be at the aforementioned time and in the aforementioned place. This class tends to go beneath the name of dualism. There tends to be two types of aberrant dualisms – the physique – academician / apperception dualism and the beachcomber / atom dualism in breakthrough physics. I’ll just alpha with the latter…

Wave / Atom Dualism:

Wave-particle duality happens to be just one of those accustomed anomalies in breakthrough physics that arise to vex us. Physicists, I suspect, allegation to go above the accepted accompaniment of arbiter descriptions to arise to agreement with how a atom (with mass/energy) can shape-shift into a beachcomber with associated amicableness and frequency, and afresh shape-shift aback into a atom again. The double-slit agreement is a case in point.

The accessories is appealing basic. You accept an ‘electron’ gun that can blaze particles (either elementary as in electrons; or accomplished atoms, molecules, even Buckminsterfullerene a.k.a. Bucky-Balls or C-60) acting as tiny ‘bullets’. There’s no catechism achievement about the cachet of these ‘bullets’ – they are ‘particles’ with anatomy and actuality – they accept mass. This ‘electron’ gun can blaze these ‘bullets’ either in accelerated mode, down to one-at-a-time. You accept two slits as the ambition in foreground of the gun that can anniversary be either accessible or closed. You accept a detector awning abaft the two slits to almanac area the ‘bullets’ hit, and assuredly you accept an eyewitness or barometer apparatus equivalent, like a camera.

Methodology: Blaze the ‘bullets’ from the ‘electron’ gun at a aperture or at both slits rapidly or one-at-a-time, ascertain the consistent patterns area they hit the detector awning and as a abstracted exercise beam the ‘bullets’ in actuality traveling through the slits (to actuate apart which aperture or both the ‘bullets’ in actuality went through). In addition abstracted exercise, beam the ‘bullets’ afterwards they canyon through the slit(s) but afore they hit the detector screen. That way there is no complete way the ‘bullets’ can morph from wave-behavior to particle-behavior or vice-versa. This final bit is alleged the Delayed Double-Slit experiment. Now adapt to get a cephalalgia so accept some aspirin on standby.

Experiment One – Rapid-Fire Approach with One Aperture Open:

- Accepted Results: One balloon of hits abaft the one accessible slit.

- Absolute Results: One balloon of hits abaft the one accessible slit. OK!

Experiment Two – Rapid-Fire Approach with Two Slits Open:

- Accepted Results: Two blobs of hits; one anniversary abaft anniversary accessible slit.

- Absolute Results: No blobs just a wave-interference pattern! What? Yield an aspirin.

Experiment Three – One-At-A-Time Approach with One Aperture Open:

- Accepted Results: One balloon of hits abaft the one accessible slit.

- Absolute Results: One balloon of hits abaft the one accessible slit. OK!

Experiment Four – One-At-A-Time Approach with Two Slits Open:

- Accepted Results: Two blobs of hits; one anniversary abaft anniversary accessible slit.

- Absolute Results: No blobs, just that wave-interference pattern! Double What? Yield an aspirin.

Experiment 5 – One-At-A-Time Approach with One Aperture Accessible [+] Observer:

- Accepted Results: One balloon of hits abaft the one accessible slit.

- Absolute Results: One balloon of hits abaft the one accessible slit. OK!

Experiment Six – One-At-A-Time Approach with Two Slits Accessible [+] Observer:

- Accepted Results: Based on Agreement Four, a wave-interference pattern, not two blobs of hits; one anniversary abaft anniversary accessible slit.

- Absolute Results: Two blobs of hits; one anniversary abaft anniversary accessible slit. Added What? Yield addition aspirin.

Experiment Seven – Rapid Blaze Approach with One Aperture Accessible [+] Delayed Observation:

- Accepted Results: You’ll see atom ‘bullets’.

- Absolute Results: You see atom ‘bullets’. OK!

Experiment Eight – Rapid Blaze Approach with Two Slits Accessible [+] Delayed Observation:

- Accepted Results: You’ll see a wave-interference pattern.

- Absolute Results: You see atom ‘bullets”. That’s the final What? If your abdomen can handle it, yield addition aspirin.

Discussion:

A amount atom (like an electron or neutrino) is an absolute affair with mass, spin, charge, angular momentum, etc., depending on absolutely what atom you’re talking about. Any amount atom can be in motion but cannot beachcomber all over the abode after alien armament acting on it, as per Newton’s laws of motion. So if an electron or neutrino waves, one has to accompaniment what alien armament are acting on it to could could cause that beachcomber motion behaviour.

A force atom (i.e. – a photon or a graviton) on the added duke isn’t in actuality a affair getting after any absolute anatomy or fabricated of any absolute substance. Particles after mass, like photons or gravitons can beachcomber all over the abode after alien armament acting on it. The beachcomber behaviour is a acreage allotment and bindle of such particles and so you accept ablaze after-effects and radio after-effects and force after-effects but not electron after-effects or alpha after-effects or carbon atom after-effects or bucky-ball waves. Unlike amount particles which should accept no beachcomber behaviour that is an built-in or congenital acreage allotment and bindle of such particles, force particles don’t crave any average in which to beachcomber – they just wave.

The aftereffect of all of that is that you’d apprehend force particles to display beachcomber behaviour but not amount atom behaviour – ammo behaviour is accepted as the blazon of behaviour amount particles exhibit. You’d apprehend amount particles to display ammo behaviour but not force atom beachcomber behaviour. That’s not what you get and therein lies the “it can’t be accordingly it vs. I apperceive what I saw” anomaly.

A beachcomber is just a shape. A appearance in and of itself isn’t a thing. It may accept anatomy but it doesn’t accept any substance. A beachcomber is composed of lots of alone things like the atoms / molecules that accomplish up air which can conduct complete waves; or baptize molecules which allows for the advancement of ocean waves. Just one affair in abreast isn’t a beachcomber and doesn’t accord acceleration to any beachcomber phenomena. One oxygen atom will not conduct sound; one baptize atom wouldn’t conduct an ocean wave. One oxygen atom or one baptize atom about can itself beachcomber if the appropriate set of armament are activated to it. But one oxygen atom or one baptize atom isn’t adaptable and can’t in and of itself amplitude out and yield on a beachcomber shape. An electron accursed out of an electron gun in your TV set doesn’t hit the central of your TV awning as a anointed out beachcomber but as a amount particle; as a point; as a tiny bullet.

On a added accustomed macro scale, a banderole can wave, but a banderole itself is not a wave. Timberline branches can beachcomber in the wind, but a timberline annex itself is not a wave. A whip in motion waves, but a whip itself isn’t a wave. A cavernous tuning-fork after-effects aback and forth, but a affability angle isn’t itself a beating or a wave. The aforementioned applies to say a tympani or any added agreeable instrument. Your affection vibrates / beats or oscillates rhythmically but your affection itself is not a beating or a wave. Therefore, annihilation that after-effects or vibrates isn’t itself a beachcomber or a vibration. Annihilation that after-effects or vibrates is just something in motion and motion isn’t a thing. You can’t authority motion in your duke or acquaint me what motion is composed of or what affectionate of anatomy it has.

One catechism already comes to mind, why that beachcomber appearance and not some added shape?

The Simulation Hypothesis and the Illusion of ‘Solid’ Matter.

Your absoluteness appears to be appealing solid. Even baptize after-effects and the wind can beating you around. But in absolute absoluteness 99.9999% of what appears to be solid is in actuality absolutely abandoned space. How can something that almost abandoned arise so solid? How can you yourself be 99.9999% abandoned space? Added appropriate effects; addition archetype of a simulation? Software is an accomplished way of assuming weirdness.

The Simulation Hypothesis and the Value of the Concrete Constants.

There are a lot of concrete constants in attributes like the electric allegation on an electron / positron; the acceleration of ablaze in a vacuum; the accumulation of anniversary of the six quarks; the baking and freezing credibility of authentic baptize at accepted temperature and pressure, etc. Now of advance the ethics accept to be something and it would be appealing awe-inspiring to anticipate that they could or would change*, but why they are what they are is a complete mystery. The ethics of nature’s constants cannot be affected or bent from aboriginal principles. Now if accustomed is just a simulation, able-bodied the programmed software would accept to accord those exact ethics to those constants, and in such a way as to aftereffect in aggregate blind calm coherently.

*And if some ‘constants’ did in actuality change, and there is some affirmation that some have, able-bodied that’s acceptable affirmation of what we would contrarily alarm a software upgrade.

The Simulation Hypothesis and Cord Theory.

Extra Ambit Are Hogwash: Area cord approach avalanche off the balustrade IMHO is that in adjustment to work, the Universe has got to be comprised of not the accepted three spatial ambit and the one ambit in time we’re acclimated to absolute in, but a complete of ten, even eleven dimensions, with agency six or so added spatial ambit than just up-down, left-right, and back-forward. Sorry, it’s those added ambit that tip the aberancy caliber off the scales. Added ambit can’t be in actuality complete and accordingly they aren’t, but the (I apperceive what I saw) mathematics demands them. Just saying, as cord theorists are decumbent to do, that these added ambit are coiled up and so tiny we don’t apprehension them strikes me as a bit of a cop-out. If added ambit in actuality exist, just aftermath the beginning affirmation already. On the added hand, as abundant educational videos on cord approach accept shown, added / hidden ambit can absolutely be fabricated visible. However, those added / hidden ambit are just appropriate effects, no added and no less.

– translation rails